This is a possessive paradigm for the inanimate noun (m)o’tsís ‘arm, hand’, as produced by Beverly Little Bear Hungry Wolf in Jul-Aug 2017. If you hover over a Blackfoot word, a pronunciation guide will be available. Pronunciation guides are provided by Beverly Little Bear Hungry Wolf (received in Jul-Aug 2017). Please note: the ‘m’ of (m)o’tsís does not appear in this paradigm. Please see Frantz (2017, p. 80) for more information.

This the paradigm for the singular possessed object, i.e. ‘arm or hand’:

Possessive paradigm for ‘arm, hand’
  Blackfoot word English Person
Sound no’tsísi ‘My hand’ 1SG
Sound ko’tsísi ‘Your (singular) hand’ 2SG
Sound o’tsísi ‘His/her hand’ 3SG
no’tsínnaani ‘Our (not including you) hand’ 1PL
ko’tsínnooni ‘Our (including you) hand’ 21
ko’tsoaawayi ‘Your (plural) hand’ 2PL
o’tsoaawayi ‘Their hand’ 3PL

Note: 1PL, 21, 2PL, and 3PL are semantically odd, i.e. two people cannot have the same hand.

This is the paradigm for the plural possessed object, i.e. ‘arms or hands’:

Possessive paradigm for ‘arms, hands’
  Blackfoot word English Person
Sound no’tsíístsi ‘My hands’ 1SG
Sound ko’tsíístsi ‘Your (singular) hands’ 2SG
Sound o’tsíístsi ‘His or her hands’ 3SG
Sound no’tsínnaanistsi ‘Our (not including you) hands’ 1PL
Sound ko’tsínnoonistsi ‘Our (including you) hands’ 21
Sound ko’tsoaawaistsi ‘Your (plural) hands’ 2PL
Sound o’tsoaawaistsi ‘Their hands’ 3PL


  • Frantz, D. G. (2017). Blackfoot Grammar (3rd ed.). Toronto: University of Toronto Press.